Arduino Uno with DHT22: Precise Temperature and Humidity Monitoring



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The DHT22, also known as the AM2302, is a versatile sensor that provides accurate readings of temperature and humidity. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore how to interface a DHT22 sensor with an Arduino Uno to measure and display environmental data.


image of dht22 sensor

The DHT22 sensor employs a capacitive humidity sensor and a temperature-sensitive element to collect data. It measures humidity by detecting changes in capacitance and temperature using a thermistor. These changes are then converted into digital signals that can be interpreted by an Arduino Uno, allowing us to obtain real-time temperature and humidity information.

Components Required

Before we get started, ensure you have the following components:

  1. Arduino Uno
  2. DHT22 (AM2302) Sensor
  3. Jumper Wires
  4. Breadboard (optional)


Connect the DHT22 sensor to the Arduino Uno as follows:

  1. Connect the sensor’s VCC pin to the 5V pin on the Arduino.
  2. Connect the sensor’s GND pin to any ground (GND) pin on the Arduino.
  3. Attach the sensor’s data pin to a digital pin on the Arduino, such as digital pin 2.


Below is the Arduino code to read temperature and humidity data from the DHT22 sensor and display it in the Serial Monitor:

#include <DHT.h>

#define DHTPIN 2         // Define the digital pin for the DHT22 sensor

#define DHTTYPE DHT22    // Specify the sensor type (DHT22)


void setup() {




void loop() {

  delay(2000);  // Wait for 2 seconds between readings

  float temperature = dht.readTemperature();  // Read temperature in Celsius

  float humidity = dht.readHumidity();        // Read humidity in percentage

  Serial.print("Temperature: ");


  Serial.println(" �C");

  Serial.print("Humidity: ");


  Serial.println(" %");



Interfacing a DHT22 sensor with an Arduino Uno allows you to monitor temperature and humidity accurately. You can incorporate this setup into various applications, such as weather stations, home automation, and climate control. The DHT22’s precision and reliability make it an excellent choice for environmental sensing.


  1. What is the difference between the DHT11 and DHT22 sensors?
  • The DHT22 offers higher accuracy and a wider measurement range compared to the DHT11. If precision is crucial, the DHT22 is a better choice.
  1. Can I power the DHT22 sensor with 3.3V instead of 5V?
  • Yes, the DHT22 can operate at 3.3V, making it compatible with both 3.3V and 5V microcontrollers. Adjust the wiring accordingly.

Troubleshooting Q&A

  1. I’m getting NaN (Not-a-Number) readings in the Serial Monitor. What’s wrong?
  • Ensure your connections are secure, and double-check the sensor’s data pin. A loose or incorrect connection can result in NaN readings.
  1. Why is my humidity reading unusually high or low?
  • Extreme humidity values may indicate a wiring issue or a faulty sensor. Recheck the wiring and consider trying a different DHT22 sensor.

By following this guide, you can effectively use a DHT22 sensor with your Arduino Uno to measure temperature and humidity accurately, enabling you to incorporate environmental monitoring into your projects with confidence.

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